tiistai 28. huhtikuuta 2009

summerdays are here again

Emergentismillä tarkoitetaan filosofiassa ontologista kantaa, jossa johonkin fysikaaliseen systeemiin ilmestyy uusia ominaisuuksia
Posthumanismin erottaa klassisesta humanismista kaksi asiaa. Humanistisen filosofian ihmisen korostamisesta on luovuttu, ja ihminen palautetaan muiden luontokappaleiden sekaan. Ihmisellä ei ole rajatonta oikeutta tuhota luontoa ja käyttää sitä omaksi hyväkseen, eikä eettisesti voida päätellä a priori ihmisen olevan täysin erilaisen moraalin määräämä. Klassiseen humanismiin verrattuna myös järjen kaikkivoipaisuudesta on luovuttu, joka oli klassisen humanismin määrittelevimpiä piirteitä. Vahvasta rationaalisuuden perinteestä pidetään toki kiinni, mutta ihmismielen kyky ymmärtää kaikkeutta, yhteiskuntaa tai edes itseään on kuitenkin vain rajallinen ja järjenkin rajat pitää tuntea.

Murdochin filosofian ymmärtäminen edellyttää etiikan ja estetiikan suhteen ymm'rtämistä..Hegel piti rakkautta moraalisuutta korkeampana eettisyyden muotona, jossa ihmisen aistinen osa, ‘luonto’, ei ollut alistettuna järjelle
Hän luonnosteli kansanuskontoa, jossa järjellisyyden ja sivistyksen aatteet vetoaisivat yhtä lailla ihmisten tunteisiin ja mielikuvitukseen kuin järkeenkin ja johon jokapäiväinen poliittinen elämä olisi luontevasti kytketty.

maanantai 27. huhtikuuta 2009

I ordered two new colonies through the Whidbees (Whidbey Island Beekeepers). Interested in doing a little comparison, I got one Italian queen and one Carniolan.

I went up a couple weeks ago Sunday (April 5th) to pick them up. This was something of an adventure, as I walked on to the ferry to Whidbey Island, hopped off, met David of the Whidbees to get my bees and walked back on, a colony of bees under either arm. The looks I got. You'd think they'd never seen anyone walking around with 10,000 bees under his arms before!

The Happy End

its the end of the month, the end of the program, endin salami..endin telephonecard
Placing a person near one of the poles of the axes implies that the person tends to convey clear or strong messages (of warmth, hostility, dominance or submissiveness). Conversely, placing a person at the midpoint of the agentic dimension implies the person conveys neither dominance nor submissiveness (and pulls neither dominance nor submissiveness from others). Likewise, placing a person at the midpoint of the communal dimension implies the person conveys neither warmth nor hostility (and pulls neither warmth nor hostility from others).

"Moralists complain that the youth culture is infantile. Exactly. As aimless and unproductive as a baby. The first post-larval generation (those born between 1945 and 1970) naturally bore the brunt of mutational confusion. We can imagine that the first generation of amphibians were similarly misunderstood as crazy, lazy, mixed-up kids, laying around on the shoreline passively enjoying the naked sun and sniffing oxygen."
[1912, keeping an eye on the witches]
η κορη μου ειναι ελληνιδα θαπρεπε, κγω ωα αποκτησω κατι το ελληνικο??
nauru ja lapsi

sunnuntai 26. huhtikuuta 2009

“The blizzard of the world has crossed the threshold and overturned the order of the soul.” —Cohen

the personal self may be tricked into surrendering. But the governing power is not the warrior’s. it always gets its way and the warrior, provided he hang in there long enough, invariably attains freedom.

there are various ways in which the formation of paradigms—belief systems—can be manipulated to keep us within
our coop, our lunar-terrestrial matrix

there is also the fool’s option, to defy the Rule. This is the way of the old seers (and presumably some new ones), by which they opted neither to persist in the warrior’s way, nor to return to the ranks of ordinary . Instead, they chose to forge their own path against the current, attempting to “turn the abyss inside out”
show.im lolookin at it and it will change. i love it - god? - when u speak about the future

note!In game theory, Nash equilibrium (named after John Forbes Nash, who proposed it) is a solution concept of a game involving two or more players, in which each player is assumed to know the equilibrium strategies of the other players, and no player has anything to gain by changing only his or her own strategy unilaterally. If each player has chosen a strategy and no player can benefit by changing his or her strategy while the other players keep theirs unchanged, then the current set of strategy choices and the corresponding payoffs constitute a Nash equilibrium.

In 1911, Martians Were Bui...

In 1911, Martians Were Building Canals
On August 27th, 1911 the New York Times Sunday magazine ran an article entitled “Martians Build Two Immense Canals In Two Years”. Astronomer Percival Lowell had been studying the Red Planet and sketched what he saw, in this case, a growing complex of apparent canals on the Martian surface. There was even a nice little story that went along

A Song to the Afterlife

When touch of death take me,
Where then shall I be?
This thought impacts greatly,
The life I now lead.

Some say to Heaven,
Then others to Hell.
While some, they will say
You'll come back someone else.

But this is of me,
And not about them.
My afterlife vision,
It lies in God's plan.

For me, when we die,
To soft dirt we go.
Then with God are we,
Assended the soul.

With him we are,
And with him we'll stay.

lauantai 25. huhtikuuta 2009

The Mind Mirror is an electroencephalograph (EEG) which was originally created in 1976. It performs frequency analysis of signals generated by the brain and displays the results on horizontal barographs. Haloo haloo kuuleeko Sveisti. Langan päässä aamujemme namu, jääkiekkoreportterimme Inka Henelius.The display panel has two columns of bar graphs which represent the left and right hemispheres (LH, RH) of the brain. Zero signal is displayed by all the indications showing at the middle of the display. Each bargraph represents one filter; if a LH signal is being displayed, the indication moves away from the center of the panel to the left and similarly for the right.

"Accessing alpha allows the flow of information from the unconscious (delta), through the subconscious (theta), to the conscious (beta) mind. It is this openness or availability of awareness on all levels that constitutes the state Max Cade called an
Awakened Mind. Applying and using and manifesting with this open flow of conscious awareness gives us a High Performance Mind. We have to focus on, find, and thoroughly develop the alpha bridge to allow this to happen." All the original studies of healers, swamis and anyone who excelled at their job by Max Cade and myself described in his book The Awakened Mind were performed with the Mind Mirror and will not be replicable with an FFT system."

perjantai 24. huhtikuuta 2009

Pauli became one of Jung's regular clients.

The two shared similar obsessions. Both were scientists, but each feared that physics would always be missing something if it neglected the inner workings of the mind.

Jung obsessed over mental archetypes - primitive, subconscious symbols hard-wired into our perception of the world - and was fascinated by c a fiendishly complex branch of Jewish mysticism.

Pauli, for his part, was enamoured by Johannes Kepler, who tried (unsuccessfully) to explain the structure of the solar system in terms of geometry alone. He was also intrigued by a lesser known contemporary of Kepler - Robert Fludd, a member of the Rosicrucian secret society, who believed that simple geometrical forms held the key to unlocking the cosmos. As Pauli struggled with problems in quantum physics, Miller explains, he felt "the need for a fusion of physics with Jung's analytical psychology in order to understand first the unconscious and then the conscious".

As Pauli struggled with quantum physics, he felt the need to fuse physics with Jung's psychology

Pauli began experiencing bizarre dreams and turned to Jung for help in making sense of them. The dreams featured a startling mix of geometrical figures, motifs from physics (clocks and pendulums) and mysterious figures reminiscent of Jung's archetypes (the serpent eating its tail, a veiled woman and an ape-man, to name a few). Although Pauli described 400 dreams to Jung, these visits were kept a secret; when Jung wrote about them, he referred to his famous patient only as a "great scientist cats should start adding stupid captions to pictures of humans.".

Numerology is never far beneath the surface of Miller's story. Whether you can observe a thing or not depends on the theory which you use. It is the theory which decides what can be observed. Pauli was troubled by the number 137. As physicists pored over the equations that determine the spectra of the chemical elements, a particular combination of physical constants kept cropping up. Referred to as the "fine structure constant", it combined the speed of light (crucial in Einstein's relativity) and Planck's constant (the heart of quantum theory), along with the magnitude of the charge of an electron. By themselves, each of these has to be expressed in some particular units (say, metres per second for the speed of light), but combined, the result is a unitless "pure number". Arnold Somerfeld first worked out its value as 0.00729, equivalent to (roughly) 1/137.

Why 137? Pauli obsessed over it, and he wasn't the only great physicist to do so: Arthur Eddington, Enrico Fermi and Richard Feynman all took stabs at it over the years. Meanwhile Jung, with his knowledge of Kabbalah, also found enormous significance in 137. Every letter in the Hebrew alphabet has a number associated with it, and - lo and behold - the letters in the word "Kabbalah" add up to 137. Remarkable - or a meaningless coincidence.

@monkchips: why the Dark Ages rocked and the Renaissance actually sucked. http://bit.ly/BCsbM enjoy the Web Renaissance, people

The history is fascinating, as are the insights into the personalities of these great thinkers. Miller, however, seems oddly accepting of Pauli and Jung's musings, which these days we would label pseudoscience. And Miller's thesis that their ideas are bearing fruit today, with the study of consciousness "a burgeoning field of research using concepts from quantum mechanics", is somewhat exaggerated.

This is the story of extraordinary events that happened in 1967 to US Air Force Strategic Air Command Missile Combat Officers and other enlisted personnel; Missileers assigned to operate, maintain, and protect the Minuteman Intercontinental Ballistic Missile , an essential part of America's Cold War strategic nuclear deterrent.

This Web page presents an abbreviated version of the events of 16 March 1967.

... by Jim Klotz and Robert Salas - 27-Nov-1996

Updated - 15-May-2000 - *please note that in previous versions of this presentation, we stated that Robert Salas was on duty in the November-Flight LCC. Later research and witness testimony has revealed that it was actually Oscar-Flight.*


In central Montana, Thursday morning March 16 1967, Captain Eric Carlson and First Lieutenant. Walt Figel, the Echo-Flight Missile Combat Crew, were below ground in the E-Flight Launch Control Center (LCC) or capsule. The Echo Flight LCC was located between Winfred and Hilger, about fifteen miles north of Lewistown.

Missile maintenance crews and security teams were camped out at two of the Launch Facilities (LFs), having performed some work during the previous day and stayed there overnight. During the early morning hours, more than one report came in from the security patrols and maintenance crews that they had seen UFOs. A UFO was reported directly above one of the E-Flight (LF) or silos. It turned out that at least one security policeman was so affected by this encounter that he never again returned to missile security duty.

Around 8:30 a.m., Figel, the Deputy Crew Commander (DMCCC), was briefing the Carlson, the Crew Commander (MCCC), on the flight status when the alarm horn sounded. One of the Minuteman missiles they supervised had gone off alert (become inoperable) It was one of the two sites where maintenance crews had camped out on site. Upset, thinking that the maintenance personnel had failed to notify him as required by procedure when maintenance work is done on a missile, that the missile was going 'off-alert' status, Figel immediately called the missile site.

When Figel spoke with the on-site security guard, he reported that they had not yet performed any maintenance that morning. He also stated that a UFO had been hovering over the site. Figel recalls thinking the guard must have been drinking something. However, now other missiles started to go off alert in rapid succession! Within seconds, the entire flight of ten ICBMs was down! All of their missiles reported a "No-Go" condition. One by one across the board, each missile had became inoperable. When the checklist procedure had been completed for each missile site, it was discovered that each of the missiles had gone off alert status due to a Guidance and Control (G&C) System fault. Power had not been lost to the sites; the missiles simply were not operational because, for some unexplainable reason, each of their guidance and control systems had malfunctioned.

Two Security Alert Teams (SAT, "strike teams") were dispatched from Echo to those sites where the maintenance crews were present. Figel had not informed the strike teams that one of the on- site guards had reported a UFO. On arrival at the LF’s, the SAT reported back to that UFOs had been seen hovering over each of the two sites by all of the maintenance and security personnel present at each site.

Captain Don Crawford's crew relieved the Echo Flight crew later that morning. Crawford recalls that both Carlson and Figel were still visibly shaken by what had occurred. Crawford also recalled that the maintenance crews worked on the missiles the entire day and late into the night during his shift to bring them all back on alert. Not only had missiles been lost to our deterrent forces, but had remained out of service for an entire day!

Because of this unique incident, as an ex-Missileer describes it: "All Hell broke loose!" Among the many calls to and from the E-Flight LCC one was to the MCCC of Oscar-Flight which links to the equally dramatic story of what happened in another LCC that same morning.


The Oscar Flight LCC was located a mile or two south of the town of Roy, about 20 miles southeast of the Echo-Flight LCC.

The following is as told by Robert Salas who was the DMCCC in O-Flight that morning:

My recollection is that I was on duty as a Deputy Missile Combat Crew Commander below ground in the LCC, during the morning hours of 16 March 1967.

Outside, above the subterranean LCC capsule, it was a typical clear, cold Montana night sky; there were a few inches of snow on the ground. Where we were, there were no city lights to detract from the spectacular array of stars, and it was not uncommon to see shooting stars. Montana isn’t called “Big Sky Country” for no reason, and Airmen on duty topside probably spent some of their time outside looking up at the stars. It was one of those airmen who first saw what at first appeared to be a star begin to zig-zag across the sky. Then he saw another light do the same thing, and this time it was larger and closer. He asked his Flight Security Controller, (FSC, the Non-Commissioned Officer (NCO) in charge of Launch Control Center site security), to come and take a look. They both stood there watching the lights streak directly above them, stop, change directions at high speed and return overhead. The NCO ran into the building and phoned me at my station in the underground capsule. He reported to me that they had been seeing lights making strange maneuvers over the facility, and that they weren't aircraft. I replied: "Great. You just keep watching them and let me know if they get any closer."

I did not take this report seriously and directed him to report back if anything more significant happened. At the time, I believed this first call to be a joke. Still, that sort of behavior was definitely out of character for air security policemen whose communications with us were usually very professional.

A few minutes later, the security NCO called again. This time he was clearly frightened and was shouting his words:

"Sir, there's one hovering outside the front gate!"

"One what?"

"A UFO! It's just sitting there. We're all just looking at it. What do you want us to do?"

"What? What does it look like?"

"I can't really describe it. It's glowing red. What are we supposed to do?"

"Make sure the site is secure and I'll phone the Command Post."

"Sir, I have to go now, one of the guys just got injured."

Before I could ask about the injury, he was off the line. I immediately went over to my commander, Lt. Fred Meiwald, who was on a scheduled sleep period . I woke him and began to brief him about the phone calls and what was going on topside. In the middle of this conversation, we both heard the first alarm klaxon resound through the confined space of the capsule, and both immediately looked over at the panel of annunciator lights at the Commander's station. A 'No-Go' light and two red security lights were lit indicating problems at one of our missile sites. Fred jumped up to query the system to determine the cause of the problem. Before he could do so, another alarm went off at another site, then another and another simultaneously. Within the next few seconds, we had lost six to eight missiles to a 'No-Go' (inoperable) condition.

After reporting this incident to the Command Post, I phoned my security guard. He said that the man who had approached the UFO had not been injured seriously but was being evacuated by helicopter to the base. Once topside, I spoke directly with the security guard about the UFOs. He added that the UFO had a red glow and appeared to be saucer shaped. He repeated that it had been immediately outside the front gate, hovering silently.

We sent a security patrol to check our LFs after the shutdown, and they reported sighting another UFO during that patrol. They also lost radio contact with our site immediately after reporting the UFO.

When we were relieved by our scheduled replacement crew later that morning. The missiles had still not been brought on line by on-site maintenance teams.

Again, UFOs had been sighted by security personnel at or about the time Minuteman Strategic missiles shutdown.


An in-depth post incident investigation of the E-Flight incident was undertaken. Full scale on-site and laboratory tests at the Boeing

Company's Seattle plant were conducted.

Declassified Strategic Missile Wing documents and interviews with ex-Boeing engineers who conducted tests following the E-Flight Incident investigation confirm that no cause for the missile shutdowns was ever found. Robert Kaminski was the Boeing Company engineering team leader for this investigation. Kaminski stated that after all tests were done, : “There were no significant failures, engineering data or findings that would explain how ten missiles were knocked off alert,” and “…there was no technical explanation that could explain the event.”

The most that could be done was to reproduce the effects by introducing a 10 volt pulse onto a data line. Another Boeing Company engineer on the team, Robert Rigert, came up with this pulse that repeated the shutdown effects 80% of the time, but only when directly injected at the logic coupler. No explanation could be found for a source of such a pulse or "noise" occurring in the field and getting inside the shielded missile system equipment.

Others on the engineering team checked other possibilities. Lightning and problems in the commercial power system were acquitted as the source of the problem. William Dutton, another Boeing Company engineer, checked commercial power interruptions and transients, and stated: “No anomalies were found in this area.”

Several military activities and other engineering firms participated in the investigation, but no positive cause for the shutdowns was ever found, despite extensive and concentrated effort. One conclusion was that the only way a pulse or noise could be sent in from outside the shielded system was through an electromagnetic pulse (EMP) from an unknown source. The technology of the day made generating an EMP of sufficient magnitude to enter the shielded system a very difficult proposition, requiring large, heavy, bulky equipment. The source of the actual pulse that caused the missile shutdowns remains a mystery z.z

.................confusing . did not seem to fit current eeevangelical theological and anthropological textbooks."

The team from Haggard's church was a forerunner in a missionary wave that has washed over the world since the early 1990s, bringing what Holvast calls a ‘new paradigm.'

René Holvast has theological training, but his perplexed reaction was similar to that of Alix Spiegel, a radio journalist who went to Ted Haggard's New Life Church in 1997 to do a story for This American Life. Spiegel encountered something so alluring, even overwhelming, that the secular, urban Jew was almost pulled in. (After several days at Ted Haggard's church, Spiegel called This American Life's Ira Glass who -- as if he were a deprogrammer weaning her from a cult -- had to convince Alix Spiegel that she really belonged back in her secular realm of origin, Chicago.)

From its early days, New Life Church's members worked to map out all the territorial demon spirits inhabiting Colorado Springs. At some point in the process, they fed the mapping information into a computer database. Methodically -- street by street, block by block -- they used prayer-warfare to expel the demons from their city. And they maintained a 24/7 prayer shield over Colorado Springs to prevent demon re-infestations. As with inner-city cockroaches, the price of demon-free living was constant vigilance.

Alix Spiegel called some of the practices she saw at Haggard's church "medieval," while René Holvast described this new way as incommensurable with modern Christianity:

Conversations and discussions with some missionary colleagues did not seem to lead to mutual understanding. The usual evangelical ways of reasoning fell mute. It seemed to be not just a different way of understanding, but a different way of reasoning altogether.

In fact, at the very time Holvast and Spiegel encountered it, the ‘new paradigm' had just been invented. In the period of the late 1980s through the early 1990s, a group of quintessentially American tinkerers grafted new practices of ‘spiritual mapping' and ‘spiritual warfare' onto a peculiar and radical theological substrate emerging from the Latter Rain and healing revivals that burst out in Canada and North America during the late 1940s.

They molded their hybridized new Christianity into a standardized package of ideas and practices such that, by the late 1990s, they began exporting the product from Colorado Springs to both the domestic American market and internationally at an astonishing rate.

It was as newfangled as Henry Ford's Model T had been and, like Ford's car, it quickly became established, even ubiquitous, on every continent but Antarctica.

In 2009, one can now watch YouTube video footage of Christians from all over the earth practicing the same, very new form of the faith that features the blowing of shofars and the "Davidic dance" -- using very distinctive, recently minted, theological terms. There was a common origin. For practical purposes, Colorado Springs was the Dearborn, Michigan of the next Christianity.

A New Reformation?

This development has not gone wholly unnoticed. Here's how an Atlantic Monthly editor portentously introduced historian Philip Jenkins' October 2002 article, "The Next Christianity":

We stand at a historical turning point, the author argues -- one that is as epochal for the Christian world as the original Reformation. Around the globe Christianity is growing and mutating in ways that observers in the West tend not to see. Tumultuous conflicts within Christianity will leave a mark deeper than Islam's on the century ahead.

Jenkins accurately depicted the radical nature of the ‘religious revolution' underway which, he wrote, "one might equate with the Counter-Reformation." He also pegged its goal: restoring a global Christian church "filled with spiritual power and able to exorcise the demonic forces that cause sickness and poverty."

But Philip Jenkins' "The Next Christianity" argued that the new "counter-reformation" is being driven largely by indigenized forms of Christianity, erupting from the Global South, that view the Christianity of the developed North as spiritually enervated and morally corrupt.

The reality of the North-South dynamic is far more complex -- there is cross-pollination these days between Christian traditions in the Global South and in the developed world, with African evangelicals aggressively moving to develop their own missions in Texas, Ukraine, Moscow, and elsewhere.

The original Counter-Reformation did not originate in Europe's developing colonial holdings but, rather, in the European Catholic Church. In similar fashion, most of the leaders and ideas driving the second (counter) reformation have come out of the developed North, from the pool of conservative Christians bitterly opposed to the liberal Christianity of the North. These Christians have resorted to radical methods to turn back the clock, to the pre-Enlightenment age if not before. It is a counter-reformation, then, but more than that too -- while it embodies the sentiments of a traditionalist backlash, it is also creatively moving forward, a second Reformation.

According to Ted Haggard, "Peter Wagner regularly writes and speaks about the New Apostolic Reformation. He has accurately recognized the changes as so dramatic that they are creating an actual reformation within the body of Christ." That's from page 44 of Ted Haggard's book The Life Giving Church (Gospel Light Publications, 1998). On page 35, Haggard describes a 1992 meeting in Upland, California, that was the genesis of his close partnership with Peter Wagner:

When I arrived, I met Luis Bush, Dick Eastman, Peter and Doris Wagner and several other recognized leaders. From that meeting, New Life Church formed its mission for the 1990s -- to support Luis Bush generally and Peter and Doris Wagner specifically... a calling that led to the creation of the World Prayer Center and much more. We as a team coordinated the Prayer Through the Window series that had 22,500,000 participants in 1993; 36,700,000 participants in 1995; over 40,000,000 in 1997.

By Haggard's account, he and C. Peter Wagner had constructed a global communications net that by 1997 could reach tens of millions of Christians in the prayer movement. In 2005, during the Global Day of Prayer, an estimated 200 million Christians in stadiums and arenas around the world joined in synchronous prayer.

Haggard's New Life Church and the adjacent World Prayer Center that was dedicated in 1998 were, for roughly a decade, the epicenter of an ongoing, radical redefinition of Christianity. One of its early board members became known to the secular world during the 2008 presidential campaign as an enigmatic Kenyan evangelist who, in 2005, had blessed Sarah Palin against witchcraft.

Spiritual Mapping

In the introduction to his dissertation, "Spiritual Mapping: The Turbulent Career of a Contested American Missionary Paradigm," written for the University of Utrecht and published in 2005, René Holvast described the arrival of the ‘new paradigm' in Mali, where he and his wife had been engaged in missions work:

Something new happened in 1996. At CMA missionary conferences, US visitors were flown in to teach the missionaries about ‘a new cutting-edge paradigm' for mission...

The new paradigm entailed that missionaries had to ‘identify' and ‘bind territorial spirits' and ‘unleash' divine power. Evangelism was to be preceded by ‘prayer walks,' and prayer was considered best if done geographically ‘on-site,' within a ‘target area.' Prayer became the identification of and confrontation with demons... All of this was categorized as ‘Spiritual Mapping'...

A team flown in from the New Life Church in Colorado Springs secretively anointed traditional fetish huts and whole villages.

A year later in 1997, Alix Spiegel described Ted Haggard's New Life Church members methodically ‘prayer walking' the streets, trying to drive away territorial demon spirits from Colorado Springs.

Two years later, in 1999, the new paradigm came to the Wasilla Assembly of God via a video that was described in the Christian Science Monitor article "Targeting cities with ‘spiritual mapping,' prayer."

In the opening sentences of her story, Jane Lampman asked, "Can the ‘spiritual DNA' of a community be altered? That's the question posed in a Christian video called ‘Transformations.'" Lampman continued:

Kenyan pastor Thomas Muthee is convinced that it can be. In 1988, he and his wife, Margaret, were ‘called by God to Kiambu,' a notorious, violence-ridden suburb of Nairobi and a ‘ministry graveyard' for churches for years. They began six months of fervent prayer and research.

Muthee's story was held up as a case study in the 1999 pseudo-documentary Transformations the first in a series that its producers assert has brought to tens of millions, even hundreds of millions, the doctrine that Christians can create a utopia on Earth by driving out territorial demon spirits and alleged witches with the power of massed prayer. The exposure brought Thomas Muthee global fame.

Transformations I was released in 1999. The same year, it reached the members of a Mat-Su Valley, Alaska, church network (the Valley Pastors Prayer Network) whose pastors were so gripped by the video that they made contact with most of the religious figures shown in George Otis Jr.'s production. And they were so especially taken with Thomas Muthee's story they brought him to Alaska in 1999 and raised $30,000 so Muthee could buy land in Kenya to build his church.

As detailed in a late October 2008 Associated Press story by Garance Burke and an AP investigative team, Sarah Palin's Wasilla mayoral records show that she borrowed the Transformations I video from her former Wasilla Assembly of God pastor in 2000.

The Numbers Don't Lie

In Radical Holiness For Radical Living (Wagner Publications, 2002) C. Peter Wagner states:

A process that began after World War II has now resulted in a newfound recognition of the gifts and offices of apostle and prophet in our churches today. The movement called the New Apostolic Reformation has been bringing about a most radical change in the way of doing church since the Protestant reformation. It is currently the most rapidly-growing segment of Christianity in every continent of the world.

Evidence suggests Wagner isn't exaggerating. According to the evangelical missionary reference book, World Christian Trends AD 30 -- AD 2200, by the year 2000, a category of Christianity known as postdenominationalism encompassed 385 million Christians, nearly 20% of the faith.

World Christian Trends lists 280 dichotomies that distinguish denominational from postdenominational Christianity -- which, according to the book, has "no connection with historic Christianity." The Third Wave represents an even more radical break.

Erupting within postdenominationalism starting in the 1980s, Third Wave Christianity claimed, by 2000, some 295 million adherents. World Christian Trends calls the Third Wave a "new and disturbingly different kind of Christian renewal." One very distinctive characteristic of Third Wave Christianity is its emphasis that average Christians can perform the same magnitude of healing miracles described in the New Testament to have been performed by Jesus Christ -- including raising the dead.

Within two decades, Third Wave Christianity encompassed over four percent of humanity. It is a seismic change.

In his book Churchquake!: A Look at the Dramatic New Movement That Will Affect the Future of the Church, C. Peter Wagner states that the editor of World Christian Trends, David Barrett, told Wagner that by 1996 Barrett had over a thousand apostolic networks in his global research database, representing well over 100 million Christians. How many Christians are in apostolic networks over a decade later? We can only guess. C. Peter Wagner's New Apostolic Reformation has pulled together those apostolic networks, into what might be, for all we know, the biggest Protestant "nondenominational" (or postdenominational) denomination on the planet.

The Wagner Leadership Institute is currently offering, for free, a one-hour lecture by Wagner, session number 4 of WLI course AP825 (the "AP" stands for "Apostles and Prophets"). For getting a basic understanding of the movement Wagner refers to, and has played a key role in catalyzing, one probably couldn't do much better than to watch this lecture. C. Peter Wagner is a seasoned, professional educator... who aims to transform the biggest religion on Earth. (It probably doesn't hurt that Wagner bears a considerable resemblance to former fried-chicken mogul ‘Colonel' Harlan Sanders.)

Kicking off his lecture, Wagner tells the class:

OK, first of all, I want to repeat something. You don't have to write it down, because you already have it in your notes. But I want to remind you that the New Apostolic Reformation is the most radical change in the way of doing church since the Protestant Reformation. That's what we're dealing with.

X number of megablocks of Christianity, each with Y millions of Christians. Categories of Christianity zoom from the left onto Peter Wagner's huge blue WLI classroom screen, bouncing slightly for effect as they hit the right edge of the screen before rebounding to center. There's one little block of 20 million or so, explains Wagner, which includes Mormons and Jehovah's Witnesses. He typically just ignores this block in his presentations, explains Wagner, because they're "cultic."

The biggest megablock outside of the Catholic Church, and the fastest growing of all? The postdenominational block, 385 million strong by 2000. Wagner calls this block "neo-Apostolic." It's bigger now than in 2000, he says, and Wagner notes that it's the only megablock growing faster than the earth's population and faster than Islam.

Wagner's cell phone rings mid-lecture; a Hank Williams ringtone. The class laughs. In fact, it's probably an act designed to loosen them up. A pro with five decades of public speaking under his belt, C. Peter Wagner is the "convening apostle" of the International Coalition of Apostles. He's also the presiding Apostle over a prayer network originally formed, in 1990, as the "Spiritual Warfare Network," now called the Global Apostolic Prayer Network. Sarah Palin joined Wagner's new network the year it was formed, in 1990.

How many Christians worldwide are in Wagner's various networks? Few know, and Peter Wagner doesn't seem to be forthcoming with the information. He doesn't like to boast. But one thing is clear: Christianity is changing.

Editor's Note: This article was reprinted from Religion Dispatches.

torstai 23. huhtikuuta 2009

Research and theories of randomness

Taleb calls himself a "skeptical empiricist", but,

  1. unlike other skeptics, his skepticism is only directed to the fundamental incomputability of the probability of consequential rare events from empirical observations ("Black Swans") though he accepts that scientific knowledge can deal with the regular ones --Taleb advocates gullibility for things that make us human without adverse consequences, matters in "Mediocristan" [16],
  2. Taleb's empiricism means the opposite of what is usually interpreted; it implies resisting generalization from data and limiting the derivation of general rules from particular observations as one can be missing hidden properties. Thus he believes that scientists, economists, historians, policymakers, businessmen, and financiers are victims of an illusion of pattern; they overestimate the value of rational explanations of past data, and underestimate the prevalence of unexplainable randomness in those data.

Taleb put a psychological, mathematical, and (mostly) practical framework around the philosophical problems in a long lineage of skeptical philosophers, including Socrates, Sextus Empiricus, Al-Ghazali, Pierre Bayle, Montaigne, David Hume and Karl Popper in believing that we know much less than we think we do, and that the past should not be used naively to predict the future. Furthermore, as a practitioner he creates a decision-making framework of "how to act under incomplete understanding, imperfect information". Taleb now focuses on being a researcher in the philosophy of randomness and the role of uncertainty in science and society,[17] with particular emphasis on the philosophy of history and the role of fortunate or unfortunate high-impact random events, which he calls "black swans", in determining the course of history.

Taleb believes that most people ignore "black swans" because we are more comfortable seeing the world as something structured, ordinary, and comprehensible. Taleb calls this blindness the Platonic fallacy, and argues that it leads to three distortions:

  1. Narrative fallacy: creating a story post-hoc so that an event will seem to have an identifiable cause.
  2. Ludic fallacy: believing that the unstructured randomness found in life resembles the structured randomness found in games. Taleb faults random walk models and other inspirations of modern probability theory for this inadequacy.
  3. Statistical regress fallacy: believing that the structure of probability can be delivered from a set of data.

He also believes that people are subject to the triplet of opacity, through which history is distilled even as current events are incomprehensible. The triplet of opacity consists of

  1. an illusion of understanding of current events
  2. a retrospective distortion of historical events
  3. an overestimation of factual information, combined with an overvalue of the intellectual elite[18]

Taleb, an anti-Platonist, believes that universities are better at public relations and claiming credit than generating knowledge. Knowledge and technology are generated by what he calls "stochastic tinkering", rarely by top-down directed research. [4] [5] paragraphs 32 & 33 & 54

Taleb stands against grand theories in social science. He supports experiments and fact collecting, but opposes the idea of directing our thinking into general Platonic theories that are not supported by hard data. His work is supported both by qualitative argument and by rigorous technical and quantitative analysis. [6]

Consistent with his anti-Platonism, Taleb doesn't like to see his ideas called "theories". As he stands against general theories and top-down concepts, he never mentions theory in conjunction with the Black Swan. The phrase "Black Swan theory" is, to him, a contradiction in terms, and he urges his readers not to "Platonify" the Black Swan. Rather, Taleb would call his Black-Swan idea an "anti-theory" or the "Black Swan conjecture".

He opposes the academic aura around economic theories, which in his view suffer acutely from the problem of Platonicity. In an article titled "The pseudo-science hurting markets", Taleb called for the cancellation of the Nobel Memorial Prize in Economics, saying that the damage from economic theories can be devastating.

Ludic fallacy

Taleb's exposition of the Ludic fallacy in The Black Swan

We love the tangible, the confirmation, the palpable, the real, the visible, the concrete, the known, the seen, the vivid, the visual, the social, the embedded, the emotional laden, the salient, the stereotypical, the moving, the theatrical, the romanced, the cosmetic, the official, the scholarly-sounding verbiage (b******t), the pompous Gaussian economist, the mathematicized crap, the pomp, the Academie Francaise, Harvard Business School, the Nobel Prize, dark business suits with white shirts and Ferragamo ties, the moving discourse, and the lurid. Most of all we favor the narrated.

Alas, we are not manufactured, in our current edition of the human race, to understand abstract matters — we need context. Randomness and uncertainty are abstractions. We respect what has happened, ignoring what could have happened. In other words, we are naturally shallow and superficial — and we do not know it. This is not a psychological problem; it comes from the main property of information. The dark side of the moon is harder to see; beaming light on it costs energy. In the same way, beaming light on the unseen is costly in both computational and mental effort.


A patient suffering from kidney failure gives a blood sample to the lab, the scientists cut from the patients’ genome the regions that code for blood production (bone marrow tissues), and immune response (the major histocompatibility complex). They then extract the genome from the nucleus of a somatic cell taken from a sheep and substitute the corresponding regions of the sheep’s genome with the DNA cut from the patients’ genome.

This recombinant DNA is then inserted into the nucleus of a pre-prepared sheep egg cell. Cell division in the egg is initiated and after a few divisions implanted into the receptive ewe. The surrogate ewe gives birth to the transgenic lamb, which is given to the donor patient.

During the day, the dialysis sheep is free to roam in the patient’s back garden, graze to cleanse its kidneys, and drink water containing salt minerals, calcium and glucose.

At night, the sheep is placed on a special platform at the patient’s bedside. The transgenic sheep’s kidneys are connected via blood lines to the patient’ s fitsula (a surgicaly enlarged vein). During the night, peristaltic pumps remove waste products from the patient’s blood by pumping it out of the body, through the sheep’s kidney (a natural, organic filtering system) and returning it, cleaned, to the patient.

This happens over and over again throughout the night. Each time the “clean” blood is returned to the body, it picks up more waste products from the cells it circulates through, and brings these newly-collected toxins back to the sheep’s kidney to be removed. The sheep urinates the toxins.

Posted by Rose Etherington

Anatomy of a false memory

Category: MemoryNeuroscience
Posted on: June 13, 2008 6:25 PM, by Mo


We believe that memory provides us with a faithful record of past events. But in fact, it is well established that memory is reconstructive, and not reproductive, in nature. In retrieval, a memory is pieced together from fragments, but during the reconstruction errors creep in due to our own biases and expectations.

Generally, these errors are small, so despite not being completely accurate, our memories are usually reliable. Occasionally, there are too many errors, and the memory becomes unreliable. In extreme cases, memories can be completely false.

False memory, or confabulation, is completely unintentional, and can occur spontaneously due, for example, to the suggestive power of a leading question or a doctored photograph.

23 April 2009
Scientists mull polarized light detection from alien life-forms
by Kate Melville

Like life on Earth, extraterrestrial life should create an environment with a large amount of molecules that favor one kind of handedness, and now, scientists at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) believe we may be able to identify life-harboring planets by looking for left- (or right-) handed reflected light from these planets.


my babies life dependent on science? no!

iconic recognisable

Perhaps, instead of hailing from space, the "Grays" emanate from a much closer source.http://posthumanblues.blogspot.com/2009/04/strange-helpers.html

what can i say http://www.constitution.org/abus/controll.htm
contimuun, anywai. forget about th a

peter levine

I suspect that entropy is connected to the problem of consumerism. Raw materials have been globally traded for a long time. However, the salient feature of "globalization" is the exchange of finished, consumer products. The volume of such trade has surely increased with deregulation and with new communications technology. As a result, people can choose from rapidly growing menus of cultural products. This choice increases as a result of market exchanges, but it is also something that we fight for--for instance, when people who favor "diversity" in education demand more choices in the curriculum, or when civil libertarians assert a right to purchase information from abroad.

Everyone who can choose from a global list of finished cultural products becomes more like everyone else: a phenomenon that Russell Arben Fox insightfully describes. This is a passive, detached, inert sameness. The only way to prevent it is to block people from exercising consumer choice, which restricts their freedom--and never works for long.

In contrast, when we make things, we put our own stamp on them. We thereby exercise Hegelian "reason." Unlike restrictions on trade and communication, policies that support the local creation of cultural products expand freedom. And even if everyone's creations turn out to be increasingly similar as history proceeds, at least the resulting sameness will be something that we human beings have made. Likewise, an environmentalism devoted to creativity (rather than preservation) would make the world less entropic even as we put a human stamp on nature.


My Photo
to dedroidify: to evolve beyond BS (Belief Systems)
View my complete profile
"What does god want?"
"He wants what we all want, to survive."

keskiviikko 22. huhtikuuta 2009

kukuwritin but some thoughts.

Simulated brain closer to thought

By Jason Palmer
Science and technology reporter, BBC News

Computer-generated image of a human brain
This result completes the first phase of the brain simulation project

A detailed simulation of a small region of a brain built molecule by molecule has been constructed and has recreated experimental results from real brains.

The "Blue Brain" has been put in a virtual body, and observing it gives the first indications of the molecular and neural basis of thought and memory.

The work was presented at the European Future Technologies meeting in Prague.

The Blue Brain project launched in 2005 as the most ambitious brain simulation effort ever undertaken.

While many computer simulations have attempted to code in "brain-like" computation or to mimic parts of the nervous systems and brains of a variety of animals, the Blue Brain project was conceived to reverse-engineer mammal brains from real laboratory data and to build up a computer model down to the level of the molecules that make them up.

The first phase of the project is now complete; researchers have modeled the neocortical column - a unit of the mammalian brain known as the neocortex which is responsible for higher brain functions and thought.

"The thing about the neocortical column is that you can think of it as an isolated processor. It is very much the same from mouse to man - it gets a bit larger a bit wider in humans, but the circuit diagram is very similar," Henry Markram, leader of the Blue Brain project and founder of the Brain Mind Institute in Switzerland, told BBC News.

He added that, when evolution discovered this "mammalian secret", it duplicated it many many times and then "used it as it needed more and more functionality".

Virtually there

It's a matter of if society wants this. If they want it in 10 years, they'll have it in 10 years.
Henry Markram
Brain Mind Institute

Professor Markram told the Science Beyond Fiction conference that the column is being integrated into a virtual reality agent - a simulated animal in a simulated environment, so that the researchers will be able to observe the detailed activities in the column as the animal moves around the space.

"It starts to learn things and starts to remember things. We can actually see when it retrieves a memory, and where they retrieved it from because we can trace back every activity of every molecule, every cell, every connection and see how the memory was formed."

The next phase of the project will make use of a more advanced version of the IBM Blue Gene supercomputer that was used in the research to date.

"The next phase is beginning with a 'molecularisation' process: we add in all the molecules and biochemical pathways to move toward gene expression and gene networks. We couldn't do that on our first supercomputer."

Moreover, Professor Markram thinks the exponential rise in computing power will allow the project in 10 to 20 years to integrate many facets of medicine, right down to genomic profile, eventually creating a vast database for "personalised medicine".

Such an approach would allow researchers to simulate, on the level of an individual, how they will respond to a given drug or treatment.

Emerging arts

The conference is a meeting to foster high-risk, multidisciplinary research in information and communication technologies (ICT), and as such is a mix of many types of researchers, from computer scientists to biologists.

Not all of them agree that the lofty ultimate goals of the Blue Brain project are achievable.

Wolfgang Wahlster of the German Research Center for Artificial Intelligence, and a chief German government scientific adviser on ICT, thinks that the reductionist strategy of the project is flawed - that it won't see the forest for the trees.

"Imagine you could follow in one of the most advanced Pentium chips today what each and every transistor is doing right now," he told BBC News.

"Then I ask, 'What is happening? Is Word running? Are you doing a Google search?' You couldn't answer. Looking at this level you cannot figure it out.

"This is very interesting research and I'm not criticising it, but it doesn't help us in computer science in having the intelligent behaviour of humans replicated."

Professor Markram believes that by building up from one neocortical column to the entire neocortex, the ethereal "emergent properties" that characterise human thought will, step by step, make themselves apparent.

"They are not things that are easily predicted by just knowing elements - by definition - but by putting them together you can explore the principles, where they came from. Basically that's what we're after: understanding the principles of emergent properties."

Such emergent properties lead to the very essence of being human - the spatial awareness of lower mammals graduates to political views and artistic expression in humans.

"It's not a question of years. The psychology is there today and the technology is there today. It's a matter of if society wants this. If they want it in 10 years, they'll have it in 10 years. If they want it in 1000 years, we can wait."


John C. Lilly started hacking the language of dolphins, and invented the sensory-deprivation tank. found out that the mind is a self-recursive black box returning images all by itself when its default. Andre Breton (1896-1966) explained automatism as "the true functioning of thought.
New Theory of Gravitation Physicists find direct challenge to Newton’s theory of gravitation http://is.gd/tQ4g

Universities will be irrelevant by 2020 in a world where students listen to free online lectures on iPods, course materials are shared between universities, science labs are virtual, and digital textbooks are free, says Brigham Young University professor of psychology and instructional technology David Wiley.? well


Basisten jobbar lika hårt som dikesgrävaren

Publicerad:22/04 14:46› Uppdaterad:22/04 14:46

Det är tungt att vara rockare, också rent fysiskt. Den fysiska belastning som en gitarrist eller trummis utsätts för under en konsert kan jämföras med vedhuggning, träningsboxning eller badmintonspel som pågår i två timmar

tiistai 21. huhtikuuta 2009

mactonnies: @ruespieler I liked the idea of a human functioning as an integral part of the spacecraft's navigation system and the romantic taboo.

The stairs.
Some steps are missing but a way up is evident.
mymminen kuuluu kehitykseen mutta millainen myyminen. asia joka on hy;dyllinen aunis, kaunis pitkakestoinen, luontoa säästävä
brandi pitäisi määritellä sillä lailla uudestaan, että siitä tulee laki luonnon ja raaka aineiden kannalta
rahataloudesta pitäisi päästä irti.

dreamin of a bed

mi inner kataskevi.

For a long time they imposed inequitable economic regulations. By their political power on the international economy they imposed a financial and a monetary system without a proper mechanism on nations and governments
http://tinyurl.com/cjucjt rock

maanantai 20. huhtikuuta 2009

Το νησί ξυπνάει από τη χειμερινή του ραστώνη, τινάζει από πάνω του τη σκόνη του χειμώνα, κοιτά κατάματα τον εαρινό ήλιο και χαμογελά απ' άκρη σ' άκρη. Οι αισθήσεις όλες ενεργοποιούνται, το λευκό στους δρόμους φυλακίζει το φως και το βλέμμα, μέσα από τις γλάστρες αναβλύζει άνοιξη κι απ' τα παράθυρα του νησιού απλώνεται η μυρωδιά από τα κουλουράκια και τσουρέκια. Τα παιδιά λεύτερα τρέχουν, φωνάζουν, γελάνε. Κάτω στο λιμάνι, οι βάρκες φτιασιδώνονται, το καφενείο γίνεται υπαίθριο και το φερυ μπωτ αποβιβάζει επισκέπτες έμπλεους αγαλλίασης, που μεταγγίζεται και στους κατοίκους. Και μοιάζει να κρύβεται για λίγο η γκρίνια κι η διχόνοια για όλα τα φαιά που αξίζει να γκρινιάζει κανείς. Η πιο όμορφη Αντίπαρος του χρόνου είναι δίχως αμφιβολία αυτή της Μεγάλης Εβδομάδας.
.............. ............................................ .............. ............. ......
The Blueberry Girl is that it's really not weird. If you weren't looking for it in the bookstore, as I was, the beautiful cover art would probably strike you before the author's name. If you've read The Wolves in the Walls or The Day I Swapped My Dad for Two Goldfish, or indeed anything else by gaiman, you may be a bit surprised It is, for the record, not about Violet Beauregarde; rather, it is a poetic (non-religious) prayer
stuart Hall's work covers issues of hegemony and cultural studies, taking a post-Gramscian stance. He regards language-use as operating within a framework of power, institutions and politics/economics.
When Bowie was fifteen years old, his friend, George Underwood, wearing a ring on his finger, punched him in the left eye during a fight over a girl. Bowie was forced to stay out of school for eight months so that doctors could conduct operations to repair his potentially blinded eye.[15][16] Doctors could not fully repair the damage, leaving his pupil permanently dilated. As a result of the injury, Bowie has faulty depth perception. Bowie has stated that although he can see with his injured eye, his colour vision was mostly lost and a brownish tone is constantly present. Each iris has the same blue colour, but since the pupil of the injured eye is wide open, the hue of that eye is commonly mistaken to be different.[16] Despite the fight, Underwood and Bowie remained good friends, and Underwood went on to do the artwork for Bowie's earlier albums.[17]

Cultural assimilation is when an individual or individuals adopts some or all aspects of a dominant culture (such as its religion, language, norms, values etc.). Cultural assimilation is a process of socialization. It can be a voluntary process, but can also sometimes be the result of involuntary political decisions.Gala DarlinggaladarlingGood morning grey skies!

from paranormalmusings.blogspot.com

The man was a scientist, and a skeptic about supernatural evil. So is Thomas, a modern-day exorcist.

Truth is, Thomas said, the events of the recent Holy Week make no sense without real demons, real temptations

Thomas took a Vatican-approved course on demonic possession while in Rome a few years ago. oh These experiences form the heart of The Rite: by U.S. journalist Matt Baglio.!“You “Every now and then ... you are dealing with the real thing.JoeGerstandtjoegerstandtgood morning

... at Mysterious Galaxy bookstore ...
333 x 500 - 145k
[ More from flickr.com ]
Got to sign at the Mysterious Galaxy ...
300 x 225 - 28k - jpg
[ More from www.nakedauthors.com ]
300 x 225 - 27k - jpg
... at Mysterious Galaxy bookstore ...
500 x 375 - 132k
... staff at Mysterious Galaxy, ...
708 x 646 - 63k - jpg
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3-4PM Mysterious Galaxy booth (614)
250 x 188 - 8k - jpg

sunnuntai 19. huhtikuuta 2009

"mystery fiction" may sometimes subset detective stories in which the emphasis is on the puzzle element and its logical solution (cf. whodunit), as a contrast to hardboiled detective. "mystery may in certain situations refer to a completely different genre, where the focus is on supernatural mystery (even if no crime is involved). This usage was common in the pulp magazines of the 1930s and 1940. I knew, as does every serious investigator of the psychic scene (and I have been one for more than eighteen years) that fraud existed. There was the expose
at Camp Chesterfield in 1960 when infrared film of a materialization seance showed that the “spirits” were staff mediums dressed up in chiffon ectoplasm. I had personally checked out Camp Silver Belle, a spiritualist establishment in Ephrata, Pennsylvania, and Camp Chesterfield, and found rampant fraud. And I had heard of other cases, other exposures.

But with all the whispers, rumors, and suspicions nobody really knew how widespread the fraud was, whether it was organized or haphazard, or whether spiritualist authorities actively connived in it or merely winked at it. What was needed to set us straight was the inside story from someone who knew. And who would know? Only one who had been part of the fraud.

Lamar Keene’s account is supported by a wealth of documentary evidence, which I have examined. I have met and talked with some of those he duped while he was a medium. I have checked out the church of which he formerly was minister-medium. His story is fact, not fiction....

I remember quite clearly saying, “I need to get strong. This is the summer for it.” And Ned agreed.

Then - I saw what I thought was a dog on the dirt road below us. It was a ways off, and there was something odd about it.

I said, “There’s somebody’s dog.”



The journey the Tweenbots take each time they are released in the city becomes a story of people's willingness to engage with a creature that mirrors human characteristics of vulnerability, of being lost, and of having intention without the means of achieving its goal alone. take care of the b o t


like US drawing new zoning and voting districts in Texas to guarantee a Republican win in certain areas, the Ulstermen, with the help of the English, carved out an area of the North that was — surprise — mainly Protestant, and mainly Loyalist (loyal to the Crown). The Catholics, a majority in Ireland, were now, suddenly, a minority in that area — and powerless.

Liverpool. Sadly, we couldn’t spend much time there as all the hotels were booked up for the Grand National http://www.simulation-argument.com/simulation.html

Like the fetus and dependent child, you live on faith
in the order of the universe. You know that you are taken
care of. In accepting this higher law, you can be the Fool;
you can relax, be yourself, take risks, play.

As the innocent Fool and wide-eyed Child, you are open
and curious. That receptive state of mind makes you
intuitive, original, spontaneous, and present.
You allow your natural genius its expression.

Christian pilgrims hold candles at the Church of the Holy Sepulcher, Jerusalem
Some 40,000 pilgrims converged on Holy Sepulchre

Orthodoxs have been marking Easter at celebrations throughout Eastern Europe and the Middle East.

Thousands of worshippers crowded into the Holy Sepulchre, shrine, for the Holy Fire Ritual.

Russian believers filled the cathedral, where Kirill presided for the first time Easter marks the holiest feast in the calendar. Greek Orthodox, Armenians and other Eastern rite mark Easter a week after Protestants and Catholics as the Orthodox s follows another calendar.

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