We folloing the war Who did it who provoke it. saudi did the arab spring? ation of attacks, which began in late September, have targeted twelve hospitals in Idlib, Aleppo, and Hama governorates throughout October, including six hospitals supported by MSF.Saudi Arabia's Invisible Hand in the Arab Spring
How the Kingdom is Wielding Influence Across the Middle East
http://europa.eu/eu-law/decision-making/treaties/index_en.htm Before Pinochet's rule, Chile had for decades been hailed as a beacon of democracy and political stability while the rest of South America had been plagued by ...Bookmark and Share
Chile and the United States: Declassified Documents Relating to the Military Coup, September 11, 1973Cables written by U.S. Ambassador Edward Korry after Allende's election, detailing conversations with President Eduardo Frei on how to block the president-elect from being inaugurated. The cables contain detailed descriptions and opinions on the various political forces in Chile, including the Chilean military, the Christian Democrat Party, and the U.S. business community.
CIA memoranda and reports on "Project FUBELT"--the codename for covert operations to promote a military coup and undermine Allende's government. The documents, including minutes of meetings between Henry Kissinger and CIA officials, CIA cables to its Santiago station, and summaries of covert action in 1970, provide a clear paper trail to the decisions and operations against Allende's government
National Security Council strategy papers which record efforts to "destabilize" Chile economically, and isolate Allende's government diplomatically, between 1970 and 1973.
State Department and NSC memoranda and cables after the coup, providing evidence of human rights atrocities under the new military regime led by General Pinochet.
FBI documents on Operation Condor--the state-sponsored terrorism of the Chilean secret police, DINA. The documents, including summaries of prison letters written by DINA agent Michael Townley, provide evidence on the carbombing assassination of Orlando Letelier and Ronni Moffitt in Washington D.C., and the murder of Chilean General Carlos Prats and his wife in Buenos Aires, among other operations.
These documents, jewish moroccon american community
Moscow has been seeking to exchange data about the positions of Islamic State militants in Syria with western countries for weeks, and now such cooperation is close, Putin said.
Countries should perceive one another as "allies in a common fight, and act honestly and openly," Putin said, adding that only in this way can victory against terror be guaranteed.
Historical monuments of Khiva :: Kunya-Ark
www.orexca.com600 × 399Search by image mite osoittaa kiitollisuutt
It was founded in the 17th century by Muhammad-Erenk Khan (1687-1688). Kunya-Ark had formed a "city inside a city" separated ...
palleistako puhuttaessaGroups in Kfarnabuda:
Al Furqa alWusta (FSA)
Suqur al Ghab (FSA)
Div 111 (FSA)
Tajamo al Izza (FSA)
Jaish ِِِِal Islam and the opposite;yrian Democratic Forces has been formed; made up of:
#YPJ at tis heartu have CARtel
https://www.google.gr/maps/place/Persijn+44,+1082+ET+Amsterdam,+Netherlandsemail@example.com,4.8696829,3a,75y,168.25h,95.67t/data=!3m7!1e1!3m5!1sTRnO2L6oK14XKonMHc57cw!2e0!6s%2F%2Fgeo2.ggpht.com%2Fcbk%3Fpanoid%3DTRnO2L6oK14XKonMHc57cw%26output%3Dthumbnail%26cb_client%3Dsearch.TACTILE.gps%26thumb%3D2%26w%3D392%26h%3D106%26yaw%3D359.55338%26pitch%3D0!7i13312!8i6656!4m2!3m1!1s0x47c60a0d672e5b03:0x239e01dc9f44cb27 illuusio US ja saudit tuomitsee ensimmäisenä ja ovat myös syyllisten listalla
pieni pläntti maata.työtä on yhä vähemmän mutta rahaa ei voi olla aina vain vähemmän joten moneyreformaatioΕΙΜΕΝΟ ΤΗΣ ΕΥΗ ΣΤΑΤΗΡΗ
Οκτωβρίου 7, 2015 · by baktirio · in Εγκλεισμός, Πολιτικοί κρατούμενοι, Φυλακές en tiiä haluisko elää ainaisella pakolaisreitilä
Το πρώτο πράγμα που συνειδητοποιείς όταν αποφυλακίζεσαι είναι ότι το βλέμμα σου δεν σκοντάφτει σε τοίχους, κάγκελα και διαχωριστικά. Μπορεί να περιπλανιέται και να αντικρίζει τον ουρανό, χωρίς συρματοπλέγματα. Επίσης τα βήματά σου δεν είναι πλέον αριθμημένα. Είκοσι μέχρι τον τοίχο του προαυλίου και είκοσι για την επιστροφή σου στο κελί. Βέβαια στη δικιά μου περίπτωση οι τοίχοι του προαυλίου διευρύνθηκαν στο ένα χιλιόμετρο από το σπίτι μου δίχως καν να μπορώ να έχω επικοινωνία με τον σύντροφό μου…
Όμως όπως και να έχει νιώθω την αποφυλάκισή μου ως μία πρώτη νίκη ενάντια στο φόβο και στο άδικο που θέλουν να μας επιβάλλουν ως περιοριστικό όρο ζωής…
Τίποτα απ’ όλα αυτά δεν θα είχε συμβεί αν δεν είχε αναπτυχθεί ένα δυναμικό πολύμορφο κίνημα αλληλεγγύης που από κάθε γωνιά της Ελλάδας μου μετέφερε δύναμη και αισιοδοξία, ότι την ιστορία δεν την γράφουν μόνο οι εξουσιαστές, αλλά και οι εξεγερμένοι…
Ένα μεγάλο ευχαριστώ προς όλους αυτούς τους γνωστούς και άγνωστους συντρόφους που έσπασαν τον τρόμο της παντοδυναμίας της εξουσίας.
Ένα μεγάλο ευχαριστώ στους γιατρούς στο Γ.Κ. Νίκαιας και ακόμα πιο πολύ στους Σπύρο Σακκά και Όλγα Κοσμοπούλου που με στήριξαν από την πρώτη στιγμή με ζεστασιά και αυταπάρνηση.
Φυσικά δεν ξεχνώ όσους μένουν πίσω, στις φυλακές και στα ψυχρά κελιά…Θα είμαι πάντα δίπλα τους και θα κρατήσω όλες τις στιγμές που μοιραστήκαμε μέχρι να ανταμώσουμε ξανά…
Γιατί όσο υπάρχουν φυλακές κανείς δεν θα είναι ελεύθερος…
ΛΕΥΤΕΡΙΑ ΣΤΟΥΣ ΠΟΛΙΤΙΚΟΥΣ ΚΡΑΤΟΥΜΕΝΟΥΣso
ΛΕΥΤΕΡΙΑ ΣΕ ΟΣΟΥΣ ΕΙΝΑΙ ΣΤΑ ΚΕΛΙΑ
Εύη Στατήρηthis saa
Immediately after Assad took office a reform movement made cautious advances during the Damascus Spring, which led to the shut down of Mezzeh prison and the declaration of a wide ranging amnesty releasing hundreds of Muslim Brotherhood affiliated political prisoners. However, security crackdowns commenced again within the year. The New York Times reported that soon after Assad assumed power, he "made Syria’s link with Hezbollah — and its patrons in Tehran — the central component of his security doctrine."
In 2005, the former prime minister of Lebanon was assassinated. The Christian Science Monitor reported that "Syria was widely blamed for Hariri’s murder. In the months leading to the assassination, relations between Hariri and Syrian President Bashar al-Assad plummeted amid an atmosphere of threats and intimidation." The BBC reported in December 2005: "New Hariri report 'blames Syria.'"
On 27 May 2007, Bashar was approved as president for another seven-year term, with the official result of 97.6% of the votes in a referendum without another candidate.
In his foreign policy, Assad is an outspoken critic of the United States, Israel, Saudi Arabia, and Turkey. Until he became president, Assad was not greatly involved in politics; his only public role was head of the Syrian Computer Society, which introduced the Internet to Syria in 2001. Al-Assad was confirmed as president by an unopposed referendum in 2000. He was expected to take a more liberal approach than his father.=======================================================================================================Syrian Civil War: 2011–present
Main article: Syrian Civil War
Protests in Douma, a Damascus suburb, 8 April 2011
Protests in Syria started on 26 January 2011. Protesters called for political reforms and the re-instatement of civil rights, as well as an end to the state of emergency which had been in place since 1963. One attempt at a "day of rage" was set for 4–5 February, though it ended uneventfully. Protests on 18–19 March were the largest to take place in Syria for decades and the Syrian authority responded with violence against its protesting citizens.
On 18 May 2011, U.S. President Barack Obama signed an Executive order putting into effect sanctions against Assad in an effort to pressure his regime "to end its use of violence against its people and begin transitioning to a democratic system that protects the rights of the Syrian people." The sanctions effectively freeze any of the Syrian President's assets either in the United States proper or within U.S. jurisdiction. On 23 May 2011, EU Foreign ministers agreed at a meeting in Brussels to add Assad and nine other officials to a list affected by travel bans and asset freezes. On 24 May 2011, Canada imposed sanctions on Syrian leaders, including Assad. On 20 June, in a speech lasting nearly an hour, in response to the demands of protesters and foreign pressure, Assad promised a national dialogue involving movement toward reform, new parliamentary elections, and greater freedoms. He also urged refugees to return home from Turkey, while assuring them amnesty and blaming all unrest on a small number of saboteurs. Assad blamed the unrest on "conspiracies" and accused the Syrian opposition and protestors of "fitna", breaking with the Syrian Ba'ath Party's strict tradition of secularism.
Destroyed vehicles on an Aleppo street in 2012.
In August, Syrian security forces attacked the country's best-known political cartoonist, Ali Farzat, a noted critic of Assad's regime and its five-month crackdown on pro-democracy demonstrators and dissent. Relatives of the severely beaten humorist told Western media that the attackers threatened to break Farzat's bones as a warning for him to stop drawing cartoons of government officials, particularly Assad. Farzat was hospitalized with fractures in both hands and blunt force trauma to the head.
By the end of January 2012, it was reported that over 5,000 civilians and protesters (including armed militants) had been killed by the Syrian army, militia (Shabiha) and security agents, while 1,100 people had been killed by the anti-regime forces.
Pro-Assad demonstration in Lattakia, 2011
On 10 January 2012, Assad gave a speech in which he accused the uprising of being plotted by foreign countries and claimed that "victory [was] near". He also said that the Arab League, by suspending Syria, revealed that it was no longer Arab. However, Assad also said the country would not "close doors" to an Arab-brokered solution if "national sovereignty" was respected. He also said a referendum on a new constitution could be held in March.
On 27 February, Syria claimed that a referendum on an update to the nation's constitution, hailed as 'a showpiece of reform' received 90% support. The referendum imposes a fourteen-year cumulative term limit for the president of Syria. The referendum has been claimed as meaningless by foreign nations including the US and Turkey, and the European Union announced fresh sanctions against key regime figures. On 16 July 2012, Russia voicing concern at the blackmail on Syria by the western nations, laid to rest any speculations that it was distancing itself from Assad. Moscow also vowed not to allow a UN resolution pass that aims at sanctions against Syria.
On 15 July 2012, the International Committee of the Red Cross had officially declared Syria to be in a state of civil war, as the nationwide death toll for all sides was reported to have neared 20,000.
Assad gave several TV interviews during the Syrian crisis, appearing on Syria TV, Addounia TV, Syrian News Channel, RT, Russia-24, Fox News, ABC, ARD and Ulusal Kanal.
On 6 January 2013, Assad, in his first major speech since June, said that the conflict in his country was due to "enemies" outside of Syria who would "go to Hell" and that they would "be taught a lesson". However he said that he was still open to a political solution saying that failed attempts at a solution "does not mean we are not interested in a political solution."
After the fall of four regime military bases in September 2014, which were the last government footholds in Raqqa province, Assad received significant criticism from his Alawite base of support. This included remarks and symbolic gestures made by Douraid al-Assad, cousin of Bashar al-Assad, demanding the resignation of the Syrian Defence Minister following the massacre by the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant of hundreds of regime troops captured after the ISIL/ISIS victory at Tabqa Air base. This was shortly followed by Alawite protests in Homs demanding the resignation of the governor, and the dismissal of Assad's cousin Hafez Makhlouf from his security position leading to his subsequent exile to Belarus. Growing resentment towards Assad among Alawites is fuelled by the disproportionate number of soldiers killed in fighting hailing from Alawite areas, a sense that the Assad regime has abandoned them, as well as the failing economic situation exacerbated by government corruption. Figures close to the Assad regime have begun voicing concerns regarding the likelihood of its survival, with one stating in late 2014; "I don’t see the current situation as sustainable ... I think Damascus will collapse at some point."
After a 20 January 2015 interview with Foreign Affairs, the editor who conducted the interview, Jonathan Tepperman, told NPR that Assad "voiced untruths with confidence", and questioned "whether [Assad] is a spectacularly competent liar and this was all being done for domestic consumption, in which case he’s merely a sociopath, or he really believes what he’s saying. This is like Hitler in his bunker when the Russians were an hour outside Berlin". Tepperman further stated that he believed a political compromise with Assad was impossible, as Assad remains as "unrepentant and inflexible" as when the Syrian Civil War began and is convinced he is winning the war militarily while "seem[ing] to have no idea how badly the war is going".
Several members of the Assad family who were once considered untouchable have died in Latakia under unclear circumstances, raising questions about the Assad family's influence in the pro-government bastion. On 14 March 2015, an influential cousin of Bashar Assad and founder of the shabiha, Mohammed Toufic Assad, was assassinated with five bullets to the head in a dispute over influence in Qardaha. The village is the ancestral home of the Assad family, and the cousin had been previously injured in a dispute in 2012. In April 2015 Assad ordered the arrest of his cousin Munther al-Assad in Alzirah, Lattakia. It remains unclear whether Munther al-Assad's arrest was due to actual crimes or plotting against the regime. After a string of government defeats in northern and southern Syria, analysts noted growing government instability coupled with continued waning support for the Assad government among its core Alawite base of support, and that there were increasing reports of Assad relatives, Alawites, and business men fleeing Damascus for Latakia and foreign countries. Intelligence chief Ali Mamlouk was placed under house arrest sometime in April by the regime, and stood accused of plotting with Bashar Assad's exiled uncle Rifaat al-Assad to replace Bashar as president. Further high profile deaths include the commanders of the Fourth Armoured Division, the Belli military airbase, the army's special forces and of the First Armoured Division, with an errant air strike in Palmyra after the regime's collapse in the Tadmur offensive (2015) killing two officers who were reportedly related to Assad.
In June 2015, United Nations special envoy to Syria Staffan de Mistura stated that Assad must leave power and suggested petitioning the US to militarily pressure him to do so; this was a large shift in position, as Mistura had previously described Assad as "part of the solution" to the Syrian Civil War. In the same period the US chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff General Martin Dempsey stated that "The future of Syria doesn't run through Assad", and the Special Presidential Envoy for the Global Coalition to Counter ISIL US General John R. Allen stated that no solution to the political transition in Damascus would involve Assad. Political columnist Mustafa al-Mullah stated that it is unlikely that the US will allow Assad to fall, as the in al-Mullah's opinion the only power capable of filling in the power vacuum would be the extremist group Jabhat al-Nusra.
On 4 September 2015, Russian president Vladimir Putin stated that while reports of Russian intervention in the Syrian Civil War were "premature", Russia was "already giving Syria quite serious help with equipment and training soldiers, with our weapons".